The International Paralympic Committee members saw an announcement today, by IPC President Andrew Parsons, that it will conditionally lift the suspension of the Russian Paralympic Committee (RPC) by 15 March 2019. The decision impacts positively the Russian Paralympic Athletes.
The decision to reinstate the RPC’s into International Paralympic Committee members under strict conditions was taken by the IPC Governing Board after the RPC served a 29-month-long period of suspension meaning Olympic Athletes from Russia were unable to compete at Olympics Games during the period and met 69 of the 70 reinstatement criteria originally outlined by the IPC in November 2016. Russian Paralympic Athletes will be relieved after this decision.
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According to the IPC Taskforce – appointed to assist the IPC in assessing the RPC’s progress in meeting the reinstatement criteria – the one criterion that has not been met is the provision of an official response adequately addressing the findings made by Professor McLaren. Russian Paralympic Athletes were in news for quite a some time coz it impacted even those athletes who didn’t commit the crime (doping vioation).
Andrew Parsons, IPC President, said: “In August 2016 the IPC suspended the RPC because it was necessary and proportionate to the situation we faced and essential to ensure clean sport.
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“Twenty-nine months later it is the IPC Governing Board’s firm belief that keeping the RPC suspended is no longer necessary and proportionate to the situation we now face in Russia.
“During its suspension, the RPC has implemented 69 measures which provide the IPC with confidence that it is now a very different organisation to the one that it was prior to Rio 2016. Russian Para athletes are amongst, and will continue to be, the most tested athletes in the Paralympic Movement. Under the supervision of WADA, RUSADA has effectively been rebuilt from the ground up, is back testing and is conditionally reinstated by the global body responsible for it.
“With these factors in mind, maintaining the RPC’s suspension on the grounds of Russia’s continuing refusal to not accept the McLaren Report does not seem right. We need to move things forward and find a solution that protects the integrity of Para sport, acknowledges the significant reforms made by the RPC, and enables the RPC to comply with its membership obligations.”
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The change that, Russian athletes banned from Olympics brought in, was that anti-Doping was in focus. The RPC has met during its suspension cover areas such as governance, procedures and practices and have included:
- Implementing a robust testing programme of Russian Paralympic Athletes under the close supervision of WADA
- Launch of a new anti-doping education programme targeted at Russian Paralympic Athletes and coaches
- Governance reforms that mean no government official can be appointed to any role within the RPC
- Introduction of a new whistle blower hotline whereby Para athletes, coaches and officials can report any suspicions they have regarding anti-doping
- Updating and finalising its anti-doping rules
- RUSADA reinstated by WADA
- Payment to IPC for reimbursements related to its suspension and additional testing of Russian Para athletes
McLaren Report & Russian Paralympic Athletes
The IPC Taskforce was unanimous that neither the Russian Federation nor, by consequence, the RPC have accepted the McLaren 1st Report. As a consequence, the Taskforce considered that the IPC reinstatement criterion relating to the first McLaren Report is not met.
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Andrew Parsons said: “The IPC reinstatement criteria, drafted back in November 2016, do not refer to the acceptance of any alternative report by Russia. It is very black and white and calls for the provision of an official response that specifically and adequately addresses the findings made by the McLaren Report and the McLaren Report only. Within its tight brief the IPC Taskforce had no option but to conclude that this criterion was not met.
“At our meeting the Board concluded that disappointingly Russia most probably will never accept the findings of the McLaren Report, bearing in mind it has not provided any proper response to it since its publication in July 2016.
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“Therefore, the Board was faced with a fairly straight-forward question: should we dig our heels in and continue waiting for a very unlikely Russian response to the McLaren Report – a move that will keep the RPC suspended indefinitely and, as a result, Russian Para athletes ineligible to compete – or do we consider whether it is possible to find another way forward to enable the RPC to comply with its IPC membership obligations?
“The Board chose the latter and decided to lift the suspension under strict conditions.”
Post-Reinstatement Criteria for Russian Paralympic Athletes
Between now and the date when the RPC suspension is formally lifted, the IPC will publish post-reinstatement criteria, identifying the core, high-level requirements that the RPC must continue to meet to maintain its conditional reinstatement of membership of the IPC.
Amongst the conditions will be that:
- The RPC remains compliant with all the requirements of the World Anti-Doping Program and the IPC Anti-Doping Code
- All relevant bodies must all be able to carry out their respective anti-doping activities in Russia without external interference
- RUSADA must not be declared non-compliant by WADA
- Up until 31 December 2022, Russian Para athletes will only be entitled to participate in certain competitions (including the Tokyo 2020 and Beijing 2022 Paralympic Games) if they have met the specified testing requirements
- The RPC must contribute to the IPC’s significant costs resulting from the increased testing required in relation to Russian athletes under the IPC’s jurisdiction until 31 December 2022
- The RPC must provide progress reports to the IPC every six months for at least the next three years.
Parsons added: “If Russia will not accept the findings of the McLaren Report then we can only lift the suspension under strict conditions.
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“If at any stage any of the post-reinstatement criteria are not met, the IPC Governing Board may reconsider the status of the RPC’s conditional reinstatement and may, among other things, immediately revoke such conditional reinstatement, on such terms as it sees fit.”
Message to the Paralympics Athletes
In announcing the IPC’s decision, President Parsons was keen to stress that six of the IPC Governing Board’s 13 voting members are Paralympics Athletes who, between them, have competed in 14 Paralympic Games.
Parsons said: “All of the Para athletes on the Board, including IPC Athletes’ Council Chairperson Chelsey Gotell, fully back this decision. They are supportive because with the conditions the RPC must continue to meet over a period of three years, we are confident that we can ensure a level playing field for all Para athletes and that the participation of the RPC will no longer jeopardise the integrity and credibility of Para sport competitions.”
Chelsey Gotell, IPC Athletes’ Council Chairperson, said: “All athletes want to be assured they are competing on a clean and level playing field. This sentiment has been expressed by IPC Athletes’ Council members as well as the many NPC and International Federation Athletes’ Councils and athlete representatives we have spoken with to gain the athlete community’s perspective on this issue.
“Most athlete representatives have applauded the IPC’s stance and the process followed over the past 29 months, stating that it has been extremely thorough and in the best interests of protecting our global athlete community.
“I acknowledge that some Para athletes may disagree with this decision or disapprove of the IPC Governing Board’s change of position on the original criteria. Although I can certainly appreciate this perspective, I also think it is vital for Para athletes to consider and appreciate just how far the RPC has come since August 2016 and that this decision has been made with further protections put in place.
“With the suspension being lifted under these new conditions through to 2022, we will continue to closely monitor the implementation of Russia’s anti-doping programme, while also being able to provide a clear and rigorous way forward for Russia’s clean Para athletes to compete in Para sport. These strict conditions continue to highlight and safeguard the importance and value that the IPC Governing Board places on protecting clean athletes from corruptive measures that threaten the integrity of the Paralympic Movement. If at any point over the next quadrennial these conditions are not fully met, I am confident that just as we did in August 2016, the IPC Governing Board will act swiftly to ensure appropriate action is taken.
“In light of the decision that has been made I think it is time that as a global athlete community, we move forward, welcoming our fellow Para athletes from Russia back into our movement. We all know that actions speak louder than words and that any detour from playing by the rules will again be heavily scrutinised by the athlete community, the IPC and the whole world. It is now up to the Russian Federation, RUSADA, the RPC and Russian Para athletes to prove to the rest of the world that the culture has changed within their sport system.”
The IPC suspended the RPC on 7 August 2016 due to its inability to fulfill its IPC membership obligations, in particular its obligation to comply with the World Anti-Doping Code (to which it is a signatory) and the IPC Anti-Doping Code. This happened after a Russian Whistleblower exposed the blatant abuse of Anti-Doping code. Russian Paralympic Athletes & Olympic Athletes had to face this coz their nation was banned from Olympic and Paralympic Games.
The IPC’s decision was taken after the anti-doping system in Russia was found to be totally compromised, corrupted and open to abuse. With no trust in the Russian system and zero confidence in which Russian Para athletes were clean and which were not, it was clear that Russia’s participation in Para sport events would severely jeopardise the integrity and credibility of Para sport competitions.
In November 2016, three months after the suspension was announced, the IPC published the RPC reinstatement criteria and later created a detailed roadmap of around 70 measures covering areas such as governance, procedures and practices, that the RPC needed to implement before the IPC would consider lifting the suspension.
The RPC’s progress in meeting the criteria was closely monitored by the IPC Taskforce, a group of five appointed experts led by Andy Parkinson, the Chief Executive of British Rowing and former CEO of UK Anti-Doping.
For the last 29 months the RPC has been suspended. As the only global sporting body to have a blanket ban in place, the suspension has prohibited the RPC from entering all its athletes into any IPC sanctioned competitions.
This has included two Paralympic Games (Rio 2016 and PyeongChang 2018), 11 different World Championships, four European Championships, and multiple World Cup, Grand Prix and World Series events across the 10 sports for which the IPC acts as international federation.